Wildlife

Other Public Uses and Nature Trips

Other Public Uses and Nature Trips

The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries has established dates of Feb. 1st – May 31st for non-hunting public use of White Lake Wetlands Conservation Area facilities. Uses may include nature photography, bird watching, ecotourism, skeet shooting, marsh tours, educational trips and business retreats.  WLWCA is located south of Gueydan and includes 71,000 acres of wetlands, freshwater marsh, agricultural property, and lodge facilities that can accommodate group meetings for 12 to 15 attendees, depending upon day or overnight use requirements.

The lodge facilities, accessible only by water, are available at rental rates that vary based on the level of services required by the group using the site. Boat transportation to and from the site will be provided as part of the day use and overnight use access. LDWF biologists will be available upon request for lectures on the ecosystem within the conservation area.

The following rules apply on these trips:

1.  Safety is a primary consideration. All visitors must adhere to posted safety rules and directions provided by site staff while on the property.

2.  Access will be provided at a designated parking area.

3.  Boat transportation to and from the site will be provided as part of the day use and overnight use access. Group participants must arrive at the White Lake WCA boat dock at the designated departure time (9:00AM for day use; no later than 4:00PM for overnight use). The site boat dock is located at the southernmost end of La. Highway 91, south of Gueydan.

4.  Boat guides for boat tours and biologists for lecture sessions must be requested in advance of group’s arrival on site.

5.  No permit or license is required for White Lake WCA visitors using the site for public access activities.

6.  No firearms may be brought onto the WCA unless authorized by LDWF.

7.  Visitors must adhere to No Littering rules on site.

8.  A deposit of $100.00 is required to reserve a date on the public access schedule.

9.  Site use may be scheduled Tuesday, Wednesday, or Thursday from Feb. 1st to May 31st.

10.  Site use will be scheduled on a first come first serve basis pending facility and staff availability, which will only accommodate 1 group per day/week.

11.  Arrangements for site use must be made 2 weeks in advance to allow for staff scheduling.

 

The Fee Schedule for public use is as follows:

Day Use (9:00AM to 3:00PM, for up to 15 people)

  • $300- Includes one-day use of the lodge for meetings with no food or drink or additional services provided by LDWF. Typical uses include meetings or bird watching around the lodge facilities during the spring Neotropical bird migration.
  • $300 + $10/person- Includes one-day use of lodge for meetings with coffee, cold drinks and bottled water provided.
  • $300 + $20/person- Includes one-day use of the lodge for meetings with coffee, cold drinks, bottled water and lunch provided. Lunch provided will consist of a sandwich tray and chips or something similar. It will not include a hot lunch.
  • Exemptions from day-use lodge rental fee: State agencies, local and federal agencies, and universities conducting research, or educational activities, conducted in cooperation with LDWF. Costs for beverages or lunch may apply ($10/person for drinks, $20/person for drinks and lunch).

Overnight Use (Day 1: arrive between 2-4:00PM; Day 2: depart at 1:00PM; for up to 12 people)

  • $400 + $25/person/night – Includes overnight stay at the lodge with only linens provided
  • $400 + $35/person/night – Includes overnight stay at the lodge with coffee, cold drinks, bottled water and linens provided.
  • $900 + $35/person/night – Includes overnight stay at the lodge with coffee, cold drinks, bottled water, meals (supper, breakfast, and lunch) and linens provided.
  • Exemptions from overnight lodge rental fee: State agencies, local and federal agencies, and universities conducting research, or educational activities, conducted in cooperation with LDWF. Costs for beverages or lunch may apply ($10/person for drinks, $20/person for drinks and lunch).

Skeet Range (optional activity for groups using site for day or overnight use)

  • $10/person for 25 clay targets
  • $15/person for 25 clay targets with 25 shotgun shells provided
  • Exemptions – Any persons using the skeet range at LDWF-sponsored events

Boat Tours (optional activity for groups using site for day or overnight use)

  • $10/person for a 1.5 hour ride through the marsh
  • Exemptions – Any state, local, or federal agency working in cooperation with the LDWF on cooperative initiatives or universities/conservation organizations working with LDWF on cooperative research projects, or educational activities conducted in cooperation with LDWF.

For more information, contact Wayne Sweeney at 337-536-9400, ext. 1 or Schuyler Dartez at ext. 2.

 

 

Property Advisory Board

Board Members

Dr. Steve Linscombe
1373 Caffey Rd.
Rayne, LA 70578
(337) 788-7531 office
(337) 296-6858 cell
email: slinscombe@agcenter.lsu.edu
LSU Board of Supervisors
Mr. Brandan Duhon
17601 Hwy. 699
Kaplan, LA 70548
(337) 258-7788
email: bduhon@smith.com
Speaker of the House
Mr. R. Martin Guidry
6139 North Shore Dr.
Baton Rouge, LA 70817
(225) 755-1915
email: guidryrm@cox.net

La. Ornithological Society

Ms. Sara Simmonds
1253 Dorchester Dr.
Alexandria, LA 71303
(318) 442-6356 telephone

 President of the Senate
Karl J. Connor
Government Affairs Director - AR, LA, MS
BP America, Inc.
650 Poydras Street
Suite 1405
New Orleans, Louisiana 70130
504-561-6598 (office)
504-561-6631 (fax)
email: karl.connor@bp.com
BP America Production Co.
Mr. Armond Schwing
P.O. Box 10069
New Iberia, LA 70562
(337) 365-2357
email: armond@schwinginsurance.com
Ducks Unlimited
Mr. Sean S. Gayle, Vice-Chairman
410 Second St.
Gueydan, LA 70542
(337) 536-6600 phone
(337) 536-6444 fax
email: ssgayle@earthlink.net
Resident of Ward 8
Mr. Charles Toups
3237 J. Alcee Rd.
Abbeville, LA 70510
(337) 937-6740 home
(337) 261-0797 fax
email: ctoups@brenntag.com
Vermilion Parish Police Jury
Ms. Miriam Davey, Treasurer
9350 W. Inniswold Rd.
Baton Rouge, LA 70809
(225) 291-4867
email: Athena_9@bellsouth.net
La. Wildlife Federation

Vacant

 

BP America Production Co.
Mr. Kieran Coleman
310 Levi St.
Jennings, LA 70546
(337) 275-1085 cell
Email:trugent_louisiana@yahoo.com
Board of Supervisors of the Southern University Agricultural and Mechanical College
Mr. Steven Mansour, Chairman
P.O. Box 13557
Alexandria, LA 71315
(318) 442-4855 office
(318) 484-2777 fax
Email:  spmlalaw@aol.com
At-Large
Dr. Eddie Lyons, Secretary
Asst. Professor of Wildlife Management
P.O. Box 92220
Lake Charles, LA 70609
(337) 475-5692 office
(337) 255-1078 cell
(337) 475-5699 fax
Email: elyons@mcneese.edu
Board of Supervisors of the University of Louisiana
McNeese University System

Vacant

 

 

President of the Senate

Ex-Officio Members:

Robert J. Barham, Secretary
Department of Wildlife and Fisheries
P.O. Box 98000
Baton Rouge, LA 70898-9000
(225) 765-2623 phone
(225) 765-2607 fax

Steven Chustz, Secretary
Department of Natural Resources
P.O. Box 94396
Baton Rouge, LA 70804
(225) 342-2710 phone
(225) 342-5861 fax

 

Meeting Minutes

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 3-24-2011

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 7-22-10

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 10-14-10

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 4-8-09

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 5-7-08

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 10-14-08

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 4-8-09

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 5-28-09

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 10-15-09

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 1-26-07

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 5-22-07

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 2-10-06

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 4-28-06

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 9-14-06

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 4-14-05

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 6-3-05

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 7-12-05

WLPAB Meeting Minutes for 12-9-05

 

 

 

 

BLACK BEAR KILLED IN WALKER FOLLOWING AUTO INCIDENT

Release Date: 06/29/2010

A Louisiana black bear was killed Tuesday night after being hit by an automobile and then shot by a Walker Police officer following a close encounter at the accident scene.

A Walker Police Department officer arrived on the scene at Burgess Ave. near Tiffany St. around 11 p.m. to investigate the auto incident and determine what kind of animal the vehicle had struck. The driver was not able to identify the animal before it moved into a wooded area near the accident site. While searching the wooded area for the animal that was struck, the officer came upon the black bear, startling the injured bear and forcing the officer to react in self defense.

Dr. Jim LaCour, Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF) veterinarian, determined the bear had moderate to severe internal injuries from the vehicle accident, but could not determine if the bear would have survived those injuries.

The bear was an adult male weighing between 350 and 400 pounds. LDWF records indicate the bear was previously captured in 2008 in Patterson, but had not been reported as a nuisance bear since.  Nuisance bears are captured, tagged and released using aversive conditioning in an effort to dissuade them from returning to residential areas.

"The breeding season is June and July for black bears in Louisiana, so we are right in the middle of their peak activity," said Maria Davidson, LDWF large carnivore program manager.  "Male bears will travel miles daily to look for possible mates and will cross roadways in the process."

Homeowners are reminded that bears are naturally shy and usually avoid contact with people.  Anyone seeing a bear in their neighborhood should retreat to a safe area and call the LDWF 24-hour hotline: 1-800-442-2511.

For more information, contact Maria Davidson at mdavidson@wlf.la.gov or 225-931-3061.

2010-201

Black Bear Killed on Hwy. 70 Near Belle River

Release Date: 06/28/2010

A Louisiana black bear was killed Sunday when struck accidentally by an automobile while crossing LA Hwy. 70 near Belle River on the St. Martin-Assumption Parish line.

The bear had been reported in the Oaks at Belle River subdivision around dusk and was struck by a passing motorist after sunset, as it accessed the highway by swimming across Belle River.

Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF) records indicate the bear was previously captured in the Patterson area in the summer of 2008 and subjected to aversive conditioning on site. Nuisance bears are captured, tagged and released using aversive conditioning in an effort to dissuade them from returning to residential areas.

"It's the breeding season for the Louisiana black bear," according to Maria Davidson, LDWF large carnivore program manager. "Male bears are traveling long distances in search of mates and consequently are crossing roadways in the process. This bear was a young adult male weighing approximately 250 pounds."

Homeowners are reminded that bears are naturally shy and usually avoid contact with people.  If a person sees a bear in their neighborhood they should retreat to a safe area and call the LDWF 24 hour hotline: 1-800-442-2511.

The St. Martin Parish Sheriff?s Office, Assumption Parish Sheriff?s Office and LDWF Enforcement and Wildlife Division personnel were all part of the weekend response effort. 

For more information, contact Maria Davidson at mdavidson@wlf.la.gov or 225-931-3061.

2010-201

Ouachita Parish Man Cited for Possession of Spotted Fawn

Release Date: 06/25/2010

Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF) Enforcement Division agents cited a Ouachita Parish man for allegedly possessing a spotted fawn on June 21.

Agents received a complaint that Danny Underwood, 45, of West Monroe, had a spotted fawn inside a mobile home in the Bawcomville community.  Agents made contact with Underwood and he admitted to catching the fawn earlier in the day.  The fawn was seized and released to the LDWF Wildlife Division.

The penalty for possessing a spotted fawn is a fine up to $750 and jail time between 15 and 30 days.

Agents involved in the case were Sgt. Duane Taylor and Agent Scott Bullitt.

For more information, contact Capt. Alan Bankston at abankston@wlf.la.gov or 318-362-3139.

2010-E37

Workshop Scholarships

BECOMING AN OUTDOORS-WOMAN

Liz Barthel Memorial Scholarship

Liz Barthel was known throughout the South as one of the top female bowhunters.  She was dedicated to supporting bowhunting, archery, and wildlife and conservation organizations.  Her many accomplishments to promote women and children in the sports included BOW, archery instructor, Jakes Day event organizer, committee member for the Twin City Longbeards, organized the 1st all ladies Chapter of the NWTF, one of the 1st two women to serve on the Louisiana State Board of Directors for NWTF, and the 1st woman in La. to complete a “Grand Slam” of Wild Turkey.  Liz was on the pro-staff of Hoyt, LaCrosse, Knight & Hale, Feather-Flex, Savage Systems, Scott Archery, Scent Shield, Indian Archery and many more. 

Liz played an instrumental part in establishing the 1st Louisiana BOW workshop and continued her support with each workshop until her untimely death.  She was a former LDWF employee that loved hunting and all aspects of wildlife. Liz enriched the lives of many people through her goals and accomplishments and sought after other women to reach and succeed in their goals.   Her wish is continued by providing well deserved women a chance to follow their outdoor dreams through the Liz Barthel Memorial Scholarship.

Instructions:Please complete all sections of the application for full consideration for a scholarship to attend a Becoming an Outdoors-Woman workshop (BOW).

Application must be received at least 2 weeks prior to the opening date of the workshop registration.  Return completed application to the following address or fax number.

Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries
Liz Barthel Memorial Scholarship
ATTN: Dana Norsworthy
368 CenturyLink Drive
Monroe, LA 71203

Fax:  318-345-0797

Low-income women who have children under age 18 will be eligible to receive the Liz Barthel Memorial Scholarship. This scholarship pays $125 of the $200 registration fee. The scholarship recipient(s) will be responsible for a $75 fee which shall be mailed in with the registration form that we will provide to you, prior to the opening registration date of the workshop. To apply for the Liz Barthel Memorial Scholarship:

  • You may nominate an individual by submitting the following application or
  • You may submit the information about yourself

We hope Liz will live through other outdoor women in this way.
 

 

Becoming an Outdoors Woman

Becoming an Outdoors Woman (BOW)
Becoming an Outdoors Woman

"You are part of a pioneering effort to break down barriers to participation of women in outdoor activities"

Christine L. Thomas, Ph.D., Founder of "Becoming an Outdoors-Woman"

 

The "Becoming an Outdoors-Woman" program was started in 1991 by Doctor Christine L. Thomas, Professor of Resource Management, University of Wisconsin- Stevens Point. The program focuses on providing opportunities for women to learn skills that enhance and encourage participation in hunting, fishing and other outdoor activities. BOW is an introductory-level workshop that teaches basic courses only. Advanced courses are taught in Beyond BOW.

In September 1994 the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Information and Education Section offered its first "Becoming and Outdoors-Woman" program. It was a sellout. Today, LDWF conducts weekend workshops once a year offering more than 20 specialty courses, ranging from markswomanship to turkey hunting. The National Becoming an Outdoors-Woman Rules state that each workshop must consist of 1/3 hunting-shooting, 1/3 fishing, and 1/3 non-harvest activities to complete a balanced program. For those not interested in hunting, courses like beginning fly fishing and canoeing are offered. The woman who loves nature but not hunting and fishing can learn about outdoor photography, ecology, backpacking and more.

The program does not stop with educational courses. Unity and fellowship flourish at a "Becoming an Outdoors-Woman" weekend. LDWF staff makes sure participants are well fed, entertained and housed at one of the finest educational camps in the state. The BOW workshops are held in Pollock, LA (just North of Alexandria, LA) at the Camp Grant Walker 4-H Center.

Regular check-in at the workshop is from 10a.m.-11a.m. Friday. Meals will be provided from Friday Lunch to Sunday Lunch. You will sign up for 4 hands-on educational sessions that are 3.5 hours each and are taught by LDWF personnel and qualified volunteer instructors. Accommodations are dormitory style (bunk beds) with one centrally located bathhouse. You must bring bedding, towels, and toiletry items. At night, enjoy the possibility of mini sessions, style shows, bon fires, and music. If a band is scheduled to play on Saturday night their session will last up to 11pm.

You must be 18 years of age or older to attend.

We have scholarships available.

Make for sure that you read the Course Descriptions before registering.

Forms can either be downloaded from this site, faxed to you, or requested by phone. These forms will not be available until the date below.

Next Workshop: April 4-6, 2014

Registration Begins: February 3, 2014
Cost: $200
Number of Participants: 125

Registration forms will be accepted by mail ONLY (overnight will be accepted) and must be accompanied by a check or money order.
Attention: HAND DELIVERED FORMS WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED .

For more information contact Dana Norsworthy at 318-345-3912
dnorsworthy@wlf.louisiana.gov
or Chad Moore cmoore@wlf.la.gov

For more information about Becoming an Outdoors-Woman workshops in other states, visit www.uwsp.edu/cnr/bow

Becoming Outdoors Woman Updates

Louisiana’s Becoming an Outdoors-Woman offers the standard BOW workshops and advanced workshops called Beyond BOW.  Please follow the link to enter in your e-mail address to be added to our distribution list.  You will receive updates on when the next BOW and Beyond BOW courses are offered, when registration for these courses will begin and other information to keep our outdoors women connected and educated about natures opportunities.

 

Snakebite

Image: 
Venom apparatus of a rattlesnake
Tooth mark pattern

Snakes bite either to capture prey or as a defense. In venomous species, the discharge of venom is voluntary. Venom is stored in glands on either side of the head behind the eyes, and is expelled through muscular action. The venom passes through two ducts leading to hollow fangs located in the forward portion of the upper jaw (maxilla). Each fang possesses a small opening near the tip through which the venom is injected into the site of the bite (Fig. 1). This action is similar to forcing drops of fluid through a hypodermic syringe and needle.

Because injection of venom is voluntary, venomous snakes may occasionally deliver a "dry" bite in which no venom is injected. This can occur when snakes produce a superficial bite or are panicked. About one in five bites to humans from venomous snakes are in this category. At other times only a specific amount of venom is injected. Due to the spongy nature of the glands it is nearly impossible for a snake to expel all of its venom. When most of the venom is expelled from the glands, between 15 and 20 days are required for the secretory tissue to refill the glands. However, secretion appears to be rapid during the first few days, so that venomous snakes may possess dangerous quantities of venom within a day or two of its expulsion.

Bites from venomous snakes exhibit a distinctive pattern (Fig. 2). Typically only one or two fang punctures are evident on the skin, although smaller scratches or punctures may be evident from small teeth within the snake's mouth. Bites from non-venomous snakes display markings from small teeth only, typically seen in rows. Sharp, throbbing pain usually results immediately when venom is injected from the pit vipers, and will immediately indicate envenomation. However, pain is not always a symptom, even from potentially lethal bites. Bites from coral snakes may be nearly painless, or exhibit limited pain near the bite. Bites from nonvenomous snakes produce superficial pain, if any at all.

Bites from pit vipers are hemorrhagic, that is, they break down vascular tissue by enzymatic action. Upon entering the body, the venom travels through lymphatic vessels and sometimes the bloodstream, binding with the victim's tissues as it goes. This results in severe pain and swelling, and can produce secondary results such as dizziness, nausea, headache and shock. Short-term results from bites may include discoloration and eventual tissue loss. In fatal bites, death usually results from loss of blood pressure and volume through destruction of vascular tissue.

Coral snake venom is neurotoxic and effects the central nervous system. Thus, there may be little pain or swelling from the bite. However, effects on the nervous system can cause the arrest of involuntary muscle activity that normally controls breathing and heartbeat. Envenomation may cause symptoms of drowsiness or anxiety. It is important to note that subtle symptoms from coral snake bite may not be apparent for several hours.

Individuals may react differently to venomous snake bites, just as some people are more susceptible to bee stings than others. Successive bites may initiate some immunity which can reduce the negative impact of bites. However, successive bites often increase sensitivity to venom, producing the opposite effect -- people who have experienced two or three previous bites may go into shock if subsequently bitten.

Snakebite is a rare occurrence, even among people who spend a great deal of time outdoors.  Prior to the mid-1960s, approximately one in 10,000 people were bitten by venomous snakes each year in Louisiana.  The incidence of snakebite to Louisiana citizens is now likely reduced.  The people at greatest risk of being bitten are those who handle snakes, including individuals who keep venomous snakes as pets, or are in the habit of killing or skinning venomous snakes. Such individuals account for roughly 40% of venomous snake bites.   Surprisingly, the incidence of snakebite for children playing outdoors is relatively low.  Fatality from snake bites has become a rare occurrence: about one in 600 reported bites are fatal following medical treatment, and in some species such as the Copperhead, the fatality rate is near zero.  The fatality rate without medical treatment is about one in 40.

Treatment

The first step in snakebite treatment is to avoid panic and seek medical attention.  The very low death rate from snakebites should be reassuring.  Several treatments have been recommended for field first aid, but the most important step is to seek medical attention immediately.  Call local hospitals to determine which ones are prepared to treat snakebite victims.

What to do:

  1. Remain calm; snakebite is rarely fatal.
  2. Seek immediate medical attention.  Call ahead to the hospital so that emergency personnel will be ready upon your arrival.
  3. Keep the bitten body part immobilized (i.e., if a hand is bitten, suspend the arm in a sling).
  4.  Remove jewelry and clothing that may become constrictive as swelling progresses.
    The following steps are optional for rattlesnake, copperhead and cottonmouth bites only.  No first aid for coral snakes is recommended beyond steps 1-4 above.
  5. If medical attention is less than 20 minutes away, apply a wide constricting band just above the bite (use only if the bite is on a limb).  This band should be loose enough so that a finger can easily be slipped between it and the skin, and should never be tight enough to cut off circulation.
  6. If medical attention is more than 20 minutes away, and the bite is less than 10 minutes old, small incisions may be made just above the bite (in the direction of the trunk).  These should be no more than 3/8 inch long and 1/8 inch deep.  Fluid may be sucked from the bite and incisions during the next half-hour.  Fluid should never be sucked orally if open sores are present on or in the mouth.  Incisions are ineffective if the bite is over 15 minutes old, as the venom will have dispersed within the lymphatic system.

What not to do:

  • Never apply ice packs.
  • Never apply a tourniquet that restricts blood circulation. 
  • Never attempt to excise the wound or "cut-out" the venom. 
  • Never allow the victim to drink alcohol or take aspirin or other blood thinners. 
  • Never apply electric shock to the bitten area. 
  • Never give antivenin in the field -- antivenin is, itself, a toxin that may cause anaphylactic shock.
     

Prevention

  Snake bite can be avoided in a number of ways:

  1. Be cautious about where hands and feet are placed.  Do not put hands in holes or under objects (i.e., lumber, scrap metal, overturned boats) without first being sure that a snake is not located underneath.
  2. Do not lay your head down or sit down in vegetation or other situations where there may be any doubt about the presence of venomous snakes.
  3. Wear proper foot gear such as hightop leather boots when walking through dense vegetation.
  4. Do not attempt to capture, tease, handle or keep venomous snakes.  Involuntary nervous activity may allow snakes to bite for up to an hour after they have been ?killed.?
  5. Camp away from swamps, stream banks, brush piles, tall vegetation, trash and other areas likely to be inhabited by venomous snakes.
  6. Do not walk barefoot at night.

Snakes of Louisiana

This web site is intended to provide information to the public concerning snakes native to Louisiana. Much of the content has been taken from Snakes of Louisiana by Jeff Boundy. This book provides a more detailed analysis of the subject and is available from the Office of the Louisiana Conservationist

For more informtion contact Jeff Boundy jboundy@wlf.la.gov

Introduction

Snakes are a fascinating part of Louisiana's natural heritage, but are also a source of much worry and fear among Louisiana residents and visitors. Most of Louisiana's snakes are harmless, and many are beneficial as predators of insects and rodents, as a source of income for reptile collectors, and as a necessary component of the food chain or "balance of nature." The fear of snakes in general, and particularly the venomous species, can be alleviated by understanding the behavior of snakes, and the limits of the threat they may pose to humans.

Snakes are an important component of the ecosystem as predators and as prey for other wildlife. They tend to be secretive, and when not searching for food or mates will usually remain hidden. Some snakes, particularly small ones, will feed almost daily, while large snakes may feed only once every week or two. During the mating season, usually in spring or early fall, male snakes may travel extensively to search for mates. During the warmer part of the year many snakes become nocturnal and are infrequently encountered by humans.

Snakes are not aggressive except when defending themselves. They do not pursue people, although they may swim or crawl toward someone they don't recognize as a threat. Venomous snakes are unable to strike a distance more than their body length, even less for large rattlesnakes. Thus, a distance of only five or six feet can be considered "safe" for any venomous snake in Louisiana. Despite the quickness of some snakes such as racers and coachwhips, they cannot crawl faster than five miles per hour, and can be easily outdistanced by a person.

The chief enemies of snakes are predators (hawks, owls, wild pigs, skunks, etc.), humans, automobiles, and habitat destruction. Snake populations can be maintained against any of these odds except for the latter.

Nerodia fasciata
Banded Water Snake
Banded Water Snake
16-45 inches. One pattern morph consists of dark brown to nearly black snakes with narrow tan or yellow crossbands and a pale orange band from the eye to the angle of the jaw. Another pattern morph,...
Pituophis melanoleucus
Black Pine Snake
Black Pine Snake
25-80 inches. Overall dark brown to nearly black with a row of large black blotches down the back, and with light markings on chin; young snakes are paler, with the dark spots being more distinct...
Ramphotyphlops braminus
Brahminy Blind Snake
Brahminy Blind Snake
3-6 inches. Overall polished black or brown; no enlarged scales on belly; scales smooth; tail short and blunt.
Storeria dekayi
Brown Snake
Brown Snake
Brown Snake
7-16 inches. Tan or brown above with a pale band down the back; most populations with a row of small black dots on either side of the middle of the back that may be connected by dark lines; coastal...
Crotalus horridus
Canebrake Rattlesnake
Canebrake Rattlesnake
25-70 inches. Light tan or beige above with dark brown crossbands and a reddish stripe down the middle of the back; brown band from eye to angle of mouth; tail dark gray or black; scales keeled.
Coluber flagellum
Coachwhip
Coachwhip
25-90 inches. Usually dark brown or black anteriorly, becoming tan or reddish on the body or tail; some individuals entirely black above; underside dirty white or pink. Juveniles are tan with narrow...
Thamnophis sirtalis
Common Garter Snake
Common Garter Snake
15-45 inches. Sides tan to dark brown overlain by rows of black spots that may make the upper sides appear black; some individuals with red markings or distinct checkerboard pattern on sides; usually...
Nerodia sipedon
Common Water Snake
Common Water Snake
16-50 inches. Gray, orange or tan above with dark gray, reddish brown or brown crossbands that may be offset between the back and sides; underside pale with small dark crescent-shaped markings; head...
Agkistrodon contortrix
Copperhead
Copperhead
14-45 inches. Beige, tan or pale gray, often with a dull pink or orange tint above, with broad, darker brown, hourglass-shaped crossbands that slightly paler on the lower sides; underside whitish...
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
Cottonmouth
15-55 inches. Dark tan, brown or nearly black, with vague black or dark brown crossbands; side of head black with a white line from the eye to the angle of the mouth; underside dark with large...
Nerodia rhombifer
Diamond-backed Water Snake
Diamond-backed Water Snake
18-65 inches. Pale gray-brown or tan above with dark brown or black crossbars alternating on the back and sides; dark markings are smaller than the interspaces; underside yellowish with small dark...
Crotalus adamanteus
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
25-90 inches. Brown or tan above with dark brown, pale-edged, diamond-shaped markings; dark band bordered by light stripes extends diagonally through eyes; tail with pale and dark rings; scales...
Heterodon platirhinos
Eastern Hog-nosed Snake
Eastern Hog-nosed Snake
15-42 inches. May be either pale gray, tan or brown with several rows of black spots down the back and sides, or, overall black or dark brown with a paler underside; scales keeled and in 25 rows. In...
Thamnophis sauritus
Eastern Ribbon Snake
Eastern Ribbon Snake
16-35 inches. Slender brown snakes with a dull white to pale tan stripe down the back and pale stripe on each side covering the 3rd and 4th scale rows above the ventral plates; underside whitish;...
Carphophis amoenus
Eastern Worm Snake
Eastern Worm Snake
8-12 inches. Brown above, pink below and on the first to second scale row; eyes tiny; scales smooth and in 13 rows; small, harmless spine on the tip of the tail.
Tantilla gracilis
Flat-headed Snake
Flat-headed Snake
5-9 inches. Pale tan above with a pink cast below; top of head slightly darker than body; eyes tiny; scales smooth and in 15 rows.
Regina rigida
Glossy Crayfish Snake
Glossy Crayfish Snake
Glossy Crayfish Snake
15-30 inches. Dark gray or dark olive to nearly black above with vague, dark longitudinal bands; dull yellow or pale tan below and on the lowermost scale row; underside with two rows of black spots....
Regina grahamii
Graham's Crayfish Snake
Graham's Crayfish Snake
15-45 inches. Gray or olive above, yellow to pale gray or tan on the belly and lowermost 3 scales rows; pale tan band may be present down the back; underside often with a central row of gray or black...
Pantherophis spiloides
Gray Rat Snake
25-84 inches. Tan or gray with large dark brown or black blotches down the back and a smaller series on each side; some scales yellow, orange or red producing a calico effect; underside white...
Micrurus fulvius
Harlequin Coral Snake
Harlequin Coral Snake
15-36 inches. Series of wide black and red rings, separated by narrow yellow rings, encircling the body; snout black and rear of head yellow; scales smooth and in 15 rows. The first black ring on the...
Pituophis ruthveni
Louisiana Pine Snake
25-65 inches. Pale tan with a row of large black or brown blotches down the back, and a smaller series on each side; underside whitish with obscure brown spotting; tip of snout pointed; scales keeled...
Lampropeltis triangulum
Milk Snake
Milk Snake
Milk Snake
14-30 inches. Series of black, red and white or yellow rings, with each red and white ring bordered on either side by black; rings often interrupted on belly by white or black line; snout may be...
Nerodia cyclopion
Mississippi Green Water Snake
Mississippi Green Water Snake
16-50 inches. Dark gray-green, olive or dark gray above, with a row of small, dark squared markings along the upper sides, alternating with a row on the lower sides and middle of the back; underside...
Farancia abacura
Mud Snake
25-80 inches. Shiny black above with a red underside crossed with black bands, the red irregularly extending onto the lower sides; tail tip with hardened point; scales smooth and in 19 rows.
Rhadinaea flavilata
Pine Woods Snake
Pine Woods Snake
8-15 inches. Reddish brown or tan above, pale yellow below; a distinct dark band passes through the eye, bordered above by a pale line; scales smooth and in 17 rows.
Lampropeltis calligaster
Prairie Kingsnake
16-50 inches. Tan, brown or gray above with a row of dark brown to reddish, oblong or dumbbell-shaped spots down the back and a smaller series on each side; underside whitish with brown spotting;...
Sistrurus miliarius
Pygmy Rattlesnake
Pygmy Rattlesnake
10-20 inches. Pale gray or tan above, with a row of dark blotches or spots down the back and one row on each side; reddish or orange band present down the middle of the back, and wide black band...
Coluber constrictor
Racer
Racer
20-65 inches. Racers are shiny black with white throats in the Florida Parishes. Racers in the Mississippi Valley and low areas of the southeastern part of the State are gray with black masks and...
Farancia erytrogramma
Rainbow Snake
25-60 inches. Shiny black above with three longitudinal red stripes; yellow below and on the lower sides; underside with several rows of black spots; scales smooth and in 19 rows.
Pantherophis guttata
Red Corn Snake
Red Corn Snake
25-65 inches. Tan, yellow brown or reddish brown with a series of large, orange or reddish, black-bordered spots down the back and a smaller series on each side; top of head with reddish bands...
Storeria occipitomaculata
Red-bellied Snake
Red-bellied Snake
Red-bellied Snake
6-14 inches. Brown or gray above, with two rows of black dots or two or four thin dark lines from head to tail; underside usually red or orange, rarely yellow or dull white; pale spots present on...
Diadophis punctatus
Ring-necked Snake
Ring-necked Snake
8-16 inches. Slate gray above, yellow-orange below with black dots or central row of spots; neck with a distinct yellow collar; scales smooth and in 15 rows.
Virginia striatula
Rough Earth Snake
Rough Earth Snake
6-12 inches. Gray, tan, brown or slate gray above, pale yellow or whitish below; faint, pale collar may be present; scales keeled and in 17 rows.
Opheodrys aestivus
Rough Green Snake
Rough Green Snake
16-42 inches. Bright green above and yellow below; scales keeled and in 17 rows.
Nerodia clarkii
Salt Marsh Snake
Salt Marsh Snake
15-35 inches. Pale gray or tan above with three broad, dark brown or black longitudinal stripes and a dark band through the eye; underside dark reddish brown with a central row of pale spots. The...
Lampropeltis elapsoides
Scarlet Kingsnake
Scarlet Kingsnake
12-24 inches. Series of black, red and white or yellow rings, with each red and yellow ring bordered on either side by black; rings continue across belly; snout always red; scales smooth and in 17-19...
Cemophora coccinea
Scarlet Snake
Scarlet Snake
14-22 inches. Series of black, red and whitish crossbands on the back and sides, with each red and white band bordered on either side by black; white below; snout red and pointed; scales smooth and...
Pantherophis slowinskii
Slowinski's Corn Snake
24-52 inches. Gray with a row of large darker gray, brown, or orange, black-bordered spots down the back and a smaller series on each side; top of head with dark bands converging at a point between...
Virginia valeriae
Smooth Earth Snake
Smooth Earth Snake
Smooth Earth Snake
6-13 inches. Gray, tan, brown or red brown above with tiny black dots on the head; pale yellow to white below; faint pale line may be present down the back; scales smooth or weakly keeled, and in 17...
Tantilla coronata
Southeastern Crowned Snake
Southeastern Crowned Snake
6-13 inches. Pale tan above with a pink cast to the underside; top of head dark brown with a pale collar followed by a dark collar; eyes tiny; scales smooth and in 15 rows.
Lampropeltis getula
Speckled kingsnake
Speckled kingsnake
16-60 inches. Shiny black above, each scale with a white or yellow spot; underside cream or yellow with alternating black blotches. In young snakes the yellow spots may be limited to the sides and to...
Micrurus tener
Texas Coral Snake
Texas Coral Snake
15-36 inches. Series of wide black and red rings, separated by narrow yellow rings, encircling the body; snout black and rear of head yellow; scales smooth and in 15 rows. The first black ring on the...
Pantherophis obsoleta
Western Rat Snake
Western Rat Snake
25-84 inches. In southern Louisiana and some low areas in central Louisiana: tan or gray with large dark brown or black blotches down the back and a smaller series on each side; some scales yellow,...
Thamnophis proximus
Western Ribbon Snake
Western Ribbon Snake
16-42 inches. Slender black or brown snakes with a white, yellow or orange stripe down the back and a pale stripe on each side covering the 3rd and 4th scale rows above the ventral plates; underside...
Carphophis vermis
Western Worm Snake
Western Worm Snake
8-14 inches. Black above, pink or scarlet below and up to the third scale row; eyes tiny; scales smooth and in 13 rows; small, harmless spine on the tip of the tail.
Nerodia erythrogaster
Yellow-bellied Water Snake
Yellow-bellied Water Snake
16-55 inches. Dark gray, gray-green or olive above, yellow below. Young are pale gray, with a pinkish cast on the sides, with large, squared, alternating blotches. The markings of the young begin to...
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