General Construction BMPs:
- Maintain a minimum vegetated buffer width of 100 feet between any proposed development and stream banks. The purposes of a vegetated riparian buffer are to protect water quality, to provide wildlife habitat and wildlife corridors, to provide shade to lower water temperatures for improved aquatic organism habitat, to maintain bank stability, to attenuate flood flow, to provide a source of detritus and woody debris for aquatic and terrestrial organisms, and to increase carbon storage.
- Conduct development activities in a manner that avoids disturbance to the forest floor, exposure of soils, and disturbance of stream banks.
- Stabilize disturbed soils within riparian areas upon completion of construction activities. Accepted measures include vegetated filter strips, silt fences, hay bales, seeding, mulch or other Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) stormwater runoff control best management practices.
- Silt fencing is a simple, relatively affordable and readily available sediment control device. When installed correctly, it is effective at trapping sediments. Fencing is installed with stakes on the downslope side and with the bottom edge of the fabric buried beneath the ground surface.
EPA. 2007. Developing Your Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan
- Revegetate exposed soils within riparian areas following disturbance as soon as possible.
- Handle and store toxic and hazardous material such as fuels and lubricants outside of riparian areas.
- Use clean fill material from an acceptable source location (i.e., not from adjacent wetlands or streams). Clean fill is native soil, sand or gravel that is free of contaminants, debris, trash, asphalt, etc.
- Install individual-type domestic waste disposal systems (i.e., septic tank, mechanical plant, etc.) and the discharge from such features in a manner that does not affect the water quality of a Scenic River or its tributary. No discharge shall be made directly in a Scenic River.