Feral Hog

Feral Hog Facts

  • Feral hogs (Sus scrofa) are present in all 64 parishes in Louisiana. Louisiana’s population is estimated at 500,000.
  • Gestation is 114 days and feral sows can have 2 litters per year averaging 6 piglets per litter. Statisticians have determined that 75 percent of the population must be harvested to maintain a static population.
  • Feral hogs are omnivores and can adapt to nearly any environment from desert to marsh to piney woods and hardwoods and can even survive in sub-arctic conditions.
  • Feral hogs impact wildlife by direct competition for hard mast resources and by predation on reptiles, amphibians, ground-nesting bird eggs and mammals including deer fawns.
  • Feral hogs uproot both planted and naturally regenerated coniferous and hardwood seedlings. Additionally, their heavy consumption of hard mast significantly reduces natural forest regeneration.
  • They increase erosion and shed coliform bacteria into waterways.
  • Feral hogs heavily impact agriculture, uprooting planted seeds, destroying mature crops and uprooting hayfields making hay cutting difficult to impossible. • LDWF surveillance testing of over 1,000 feral swine statewide revealed that 3.5 percent were serologically positive to Brucella antigen (Swine Brucellosis).
  • Other diseases found in feral hogs include Pseudorabies, Leptospira, and Trichinosis .
  • Hog control methods now currently used in Louisiana include recreational hunting and trapping by private landowners, daylight and night time shooting and aerial gunning via helicopter.
  • Possible hog control methods being researched including toxicants such as sodium nitrite and genetically-based contraception.

Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry Feral Swine Transport and Holding Pen Regulations

http://www.ldaf.state.la.us/animal-health/

National Wild Pig Task Force

http://www.nwptf.org/

LSU Ag Center- Search- “feral hog”

http://www.lsuagcenter.com/

For More Information

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Feral Swine in Louisiana Overview

 

The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries currently permits individuals who wish to utilize a helicopter to control feral hogs.  For permit information, please contact Melissa Collins at (225) 763-8584 or mcollins@wlf.la.gov

For more information: contact Jim LaCour at 225-765-0823 or jlacour@wlf.la.gov.